Volubilis the capital of the ancient Amazigh kingdom of Mauritania


Volubilis : an archaeological site in Morocco located near the city of Meknes, between Fez and Rabat, along Route No. 13. the city is one of the best preserved Berber ruins in this part of North Africa.

In 1997 Volubilis was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

the reign of the Berber king Baka

The city of Volubilis was built during the reign of the Berber king Baka during the third century BC and witnessed an urban development and an intellectual renaissance in the sciences, especially during the reign of the Amazigh king Juba II and his son Ptolemy, the young king who took it as his second capital. And decorations dating back to the era of the ancient Kingdom of Mauritania. The fertile lands of Volubilis province produced many commodities such as grain and olive oil, and contributed to the region’s wealth and prosperity.

the Berber rebels, the romans and the Amazigh king Ptolemy

The capital, Volubilis, and the bulk of the kingdom’s cities witnessed bloody years of civil war that took place between the Berber rebels and the Amazigh king Ptolemy, the ruler of Mauritania, which lasted 7 years of terrible killing. Ptolemy revolted in the kingdom against the Romans and the conflict lasted for four years, then the Kingdom of Mauritania fell, and volubilis entered under the Roman influence, and the city of Volubilis, was taken as an administrative center for Mauritania.

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The meaning of the name 

The name Volubilis is derived from the word Allili, in the ancient Amazigh language Allili is a widely spread plant in this region. The famous Berbera Berber tribe that Ibn Khaldoun told us about was one of the tribes that settled in Volubilis.


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